Picasso, a pioneer in the Cubism movement
Pablo Picasso was born in Málaga, Spain, in 1881. He moved to Barcelona when he was 14 years old, where he attended the School of Fine Arts. Later, he attended the Royal Academy of San Fernando in Madrid, but the academic environment was too confining for him. He left the academy while he was still young and ventured out on his own with his art, a path that would make him into one of the most important artists in history.
In 1907, Picasso painted “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon,” a picture that is widely regarded as the beginning of Cubism, an artistic philosophy that Picasso would develop in conjunction with fellow painter Georges Braque over the next several years.
Later in the century, Picasso explored ideas beyond Cubism. He re-examined the traditional forms that hadn’t worked for him in the academy, and he eventually came to rely on the dream imagery of Surrealism.
Picasso died in 1973 at the age of 91. His ego and longevity are nearly as famous as his artistic innovations, but the new artistic ground that he broke—particularly with Cubism—was crucial to the development of 20th-century art.
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